With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world.Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age.In retaliation, the Fatimids brought about the migration of thousands from mainly two Arab Qaisi tribes, the Banu Sulaym and Banu Hilal to North Africa.This act drastically altered the fabric of the Libyan countryside, and cemented the cultural and linguistic Arabisation of the region.
As of July 2017 talks are still ongoing between the GNA and the Tobruk-based authorities to end the strife and unify the divided establishments of the state including the Libyan National Army and the Central Bank of Libya.
The earliest known name of such a tribe is that of the Garamantes, who were based in Germa.
The Phoenicians were the first to establish trading posts in Libya.
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη, Libyē) referred to the region west of the Nile generally corresponding to its central location in North Africa historically visited by many mediterranean cultures which referred to its original inhabitants as the "Libúē." The name Libya ( It was intended to supplant terms applied to Ottoman Tripolitania, the coastal region of what is today Libya having been ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1911, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania.
The name "Libya" was brought back into use in 1903 by Italian geographer Federico Minutilli.
Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people.